It has become popular for hearing parents to teach signs from ASL or some other sign language to young hearing children. Since the muscles in babies' hands grow and develop quicker than their mouths, signs can be a beneficial option for better communication. This reduces the confusion between parents when trying to figure out what their child wants. When the child begins to speak, signing is usually abandoned, so the child does not progress to acquiring the grammar of the sign language.
This is in contrast to hearing children who grow up with Deaf parents, who generally acquire the full sign language natively, the same as Deaf children of Deaf parents. Informal, rudimentary sign systems are sometimes developed within a single family. For instance, when hearing parents with no sign language skills have a deaf child, the child may develop a system of signs naturally, unless repressed by the parents. The term for these mini-languages is home sign sometimes "kitchen sign". Home sign arises due to the absence of any other way to communicate.
Within the span of a single lifetime and without the support or feedback of a community, the child naturally invents signs to help meet his or her communication needs, and may even develop a few grammatical rules for combining short sequences of signs. Still, this kind of system is inadequate for the intellectual development of a child and it comes nowhere near meeting the standards linguists use to describe a complete language.
No type of home sign is recognized as a full language. There have been several notable examples of scientists teaching signs to non-human primates in order to communicate with humans ,  such as chimpanzees ,        gorillas  and orangutans. One theory of the evolution of human language states that it developed first as a gestural system, which later shifted to speech. Note: the articles for specific sign languages e. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about primary sign languages of the deaf. For signed versions of spoken languages, see manually coded language. Language which uses manual communication and body language to convey meaning. Play media. Main article: History of sign language. See also: List of sign languages. French Sign Language family.
Russian Sign Language cluster. Czech Sign Language cluster. Danish Sign Language family. Swedish Sign Language family.
German Sign Language family. Arab sign-language family. Indo-Pakistani Sign Language. Chinese Sign Language. South African Sign Language.
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Isolated languages. No data. See also: Linguistic typology. See also: Language acquisition. Main article: Deaf culture. Main article: Legal recognition of sign languages. Main articles: Video remote interpreting and Video relay service. Main article: Manually coded language. Main article: Baby sign language. Main article: Home sign.
Animal language Body language Braille Fingerspelling Cherology Chinese number gestures Gang signal Gestures Intercultural competence International Sign Legal recognition of sign languages List of international common standards List of sign languages List of sign languages by number of native signers Manual communication Metacommunicative competence Modern Sign Language communication Origin of language Origin of speech Sign language glove Sign language in infants and toddlers Sign language media Sign Language Studies journal Sign name Sociolinguistics of sign languages Tactile signing.
Sign Language and Linguistic Universals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Archived from the original on 13 February Retrieved 10 March Paul; Simons, Gary F.enter site
The Gallaudet Children’s Dictionary of American Sign Language
European Union of the Deaf. Open your eyes: Deaf studies talking. University of Minnesota Press. A Disability History of the United States. Beacon Press.
Archived from the original on Retrieved Mercury, the Swift and Silent Messenger. The book is a work on cryptography, and fingerspelling was referred to as one method of "secret discoursing, by signes and gestures". Wilkins gave an example of such a system: "Let the tops of the fingers signifie the five vowels; the middle parts, the first five consonants; the bottomes of them, the five next consonants; the spaces betwixt the fingers the foure next.
One finger laid on the side of the hand may signifie T. Two fingers V the consonant; Three W. The little finger crossed X. The wrist Y. The middle of the hand Z. Didascalocophus, or, The deaf and dumb mans tutor. Oxford: Halton, Wilkins was aware that the systems he describes are old, and refers to Bede's account of Roman and Greek finger alphabets. Sermo mirabilis, or, The silent language whereby one may learn London, Printed for Tho. Stuff You Should Know.
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Archived PDF from the original on Sociolinguistic Variation in American Sign Language. Language, gesture, and space. Napier J. International sign language of the deaf. Carlisle: British Deaf Association. International gesture: Principles and gestures website Moody, W. International gesture. Van Cleve ed. The signs of language. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. John Benjamins.
American Sign Language (ASL)
In: Hall, T. Pompino-Marschall, B. Volume: Phonetics and Phonology. Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Language, cognition and the brain: Insights from sign language research. Linguistic Bibliography for the Year Leiden, Netherlands:Brill. Archived PDF from the original on 12 April Retrieved 4 November Lexical Borrowing in American Sign Language.
SignGram blueprint: A guide to sign language grammar writing. De Gruyter Mouton. In: Glossa. A Journal of General Linguistics, 2 1 : Language and Cognitive Processes. American Sign Language: A teacher's resource text on grammar and culture. Silver Spring, MD: T. The linguistics of British Sign Language. Part Two. Bulletin of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 32 3 , The crosslinguistic study of language acquisition. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. New York: Oxford University Press.
See also the classification of Wittmann for the general issue of jargons as prototypes in sign language genesis.
American Sign Language
The classification is said to be typological satisfying Jakobson's condition of genetic interpretability. Fennig, eds. Ethnologue: Languages of the World 21st ed. SIL International. The version 17th edition of Ethnologue is now up to sign languages. Wittmann also includes, bizarrely, Chinese characters and Egyptian hieroglyphs.